Examining Scribal Changes in Detail
Once you have found one or more scribal changes you are interested in (perhaps by browsing Qur’an Gateway’s collection of several thousand, or by searching for a particular set of scribal changes), you can easily study each change in detail:
|1||Browse Changes As. Choose to see each scribal change you are studying as a record (like the example above) or, if you prefer, you can see all the changes you have found as a list.|
|2|| Edit Search Criteria. Click to edit the search criteria that you used to find this particular scribal change. (This enables you to easily experiment with a search, adjusting it until you get the results you’re after).
|3|| Add Selected Changes to Favourites List. Click the icon to add all the scribal changes you have found here to your favourites list, so you can easily access them again. (Either by using the ‘Find Favourites Only’ when searching for scribal changes, or by choosing ‘Manuscripts’ > ‘Scribal Changes’ > ‘List my Favourite from the menu bar).
|4|| Change Navigator. The number of scribal changes you are examining is shown here: navigate through them using the arrow icons. (You can also use the left and right arrow keys on your keyboard to move through changes).
|5||Change Image. Qur'an Gateway contains over 3,000 recorded scribal changes, and we have included an image for each correction where possible (if permission has been obtained from the institution that houses the manuscript).|
|6|| Change ID. The ‘Change ID’ of each change record is shown, uniquely identifying it within Qur’an Gateway. This can be useful to note should you wish to find this particular scribal change easily again: it is also useful if you wish to cite this scribal change when writing an essay, paper, or book.
|7||Favourite Icon. If a little icon is shown next to a change, it shows you have added it to your list of ‘favourites’ (also see #3 above). Otherwise the icon will be greyed out, like this: . You can add or remove this change to your favourites list just by clicking this icon.|
|8|| Change Type. The type of this scribal change. See this article for information on scribal change types..
|9||Manuscript. The manuscript in which this scribal change is to be found. Click the manuscript name to filter the change list and show all the changes from this manuscript.|
|10||Institution. The institution which holds the manuscript in which this change is to be found. Click the institution name to filter the change list and show all the changes in manuscripts from this institution.|
|11||Manuscript Main Script Style. The script style of the manuscript in which this change is found written. Script styles are an important factor for dating manuscripts and scribal changes to them.|
|12|| Affected Verses. Qur’an Gateway tells you which verses are affected by this change. Click the verse reference to open the affected verses in the verse browser, with the affected words highlighted for you, like this:
|13||Words Affected. The number of words affected by this change. Click the number to open the verses affected and highlight the words affected (see #12 above for a picture).|
|14||1924 Arabic Text and Translation. Records what the 1924 Royal Cairo edition of the Qur’an has at this point—this is the version of the Qur’an on which almost every modern edition is based.|
|15||Superior (Upper) Text. Records the upper text of the manuscript at this point (in either/both Arabic and Milo transliteration). This will be the text including the scribal change. (Important note: ‘Superior’ and ‘Inferior’, below, are technical terms used in textual criticism to refer to the upper [superior] and lower [inferior] text).|
|16||Inferior (Lower) Text. Records the lower text of the manuscript at this point (in either/both Arabic and Milo transliteration). This will be what was written on the manuscript prior to the scribal change.|
|17||Investigator/Photographer. Reports the name of the scholar who examined the manuscript and photographed, investigated and recorded this particular scribal change. Click on their name to see a list of all the changes associated with this particular scholar.|